Bee Informed: Protect Bees from Disease, Master Melittologist Program, Bee Identification

Bee Informed: Protect Bees from Disease, Master Melittologist Program, Bee Identification

Photo by Merrit Thomas on Unsplash 

Each month our Bee Informed Blog highlights current news, science, and research related to solitary bee conservation, food insecurity, and sustainability.

 

1. Biodiversity protects bee communities from disease  

The University of Michigan - A new analysis of thousands of native and nonnative Michigan bees shows that the most diverse bee communities have the lowest levels of three common viral pathogens. "This result is exciting because it suggests that promoting diverse bee communities may be a win-win strategy to simultaneously reduce viral infections in managed honeybee colonies while helping to maintain native bee biodiversity," said study lead author Michelle Fearon. Click here to read the full news release or access the abstract in the journal Ecology here

 

Twelve different species of bees swarming a flowery meadow. 12 different species of bees swarming a flowery meadow. Credit: Wellcome CollectionAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

 

2. New OSU volunteer program tackles statewide native bee inventory  

Oregon State University - Oregon is the first state in the nation to form a Master Melittologists program of trained community scientists dedicated to preserving and cataloging bees that are native to the state.

Like OSU Extension Master Gardeners, the Master Melittologist program intensively trains volunteers on the meticulous work of locating and cataloging the bees that no one has seen before. While Oregon is known for honey bees that pollinate much of the food we eat, the state is also home to about 600 native bees, many that are pollinators, too. Click here to read the full news release.

 

Cactus BeeCactus Bee; Photo by Lincoln Best

 

3. What Kind of Bee Is That Bee?

Many of our bee raisers want to learn how to identify the bees that visit their gardens and how to tell the difference between native and exotic bee species. But, with over 4,000 species of native bees in North America, plus the non-native species that have been introduced, it can be difficult to identify one from the other. Fortunately, there are some great resources to help people learn how to identify bee species. Below are a few of our favorites.

 

  • Discover Life is a free online tool to help identify species, track the impact of climate change, and participate in research projects.
  • Bug Guide is an online community of naturalists who collect photos of insects from the United States and Canada for identification and research. They also summarize findings in guide pages for each order, family, genus, and species.  
  • Exotic Bee ID, a website created through a collaborative effort between the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Utah State University (USU) can help bee enthusiasts identify non-native bees in the United States. Some exotics, such as Osmia cornifrons, have been naturalized and are commonly used to pollinate farms and orchards, however, it is still important for researchers to understand their distribution and abundance.

 

While Exotic Bee ID is designed primarily as a screening tool for those who monitor and intercept non-native bees coming into this country, such as people working at ports of entry, state agriculture departments, and university extension services, it also is set up to be used by growers, hobbyists, and homeowners—that is, essentially anyone with an interest in identifying bees. Access to the website is free.

 

Good Luck Identifying!

 

Bee Mimic FlyBee-mimic fly, family Syrphidae; photo by Chelsey Ritner


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